Are You on the Wrong Side of History?
Library: LGBT Youth & Schools Resources and Links
15 Jun This is concerning since adolescents and young adults who adopt the homosexual lifestyle, are at increased risk for mental health problems, . in a July article "The Effects of Marriage, Civil Union, and Domestic Partnership Laws on the Health and Well-being of Children," published in Pediatrics. Corresponding statistics about suicide, substance abuse, homelessness, and disciplinary issues are, sadly, not surprising. But there's good news, the Human Rights Campaign reports that 77 percent of LGBT youth know things will get better. This is where and when college comes in. College can provide the affirmation. 'Being LGBT in School'. Published by. With the support of. In association with. Association of Community and Comprehensive Schools. Association of Secondary Teachers of Ireland. BeLonG To Youth Services. Education and Training Boards Ireland. Educate Together. Joint Managerial Body for Secondary Schools.
Outside the home, schools are the primary vehicles for educating, socializing, and providing services to young people in the United States.
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Schools can be difficult environments for students, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity, but they are often especially unwelcoming for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT youth. A lack of policies and practices that affirm and support LGBT youth—and a failure to implement protections that do exist—means that LGBT students nationwide continue to face bullying, exclusion, and discrimination in school, putting them at physical and psychological risk and limiting their education.
The report documented rampant bullying and discrimination against LGBT students in schools across the country, and urged policymakers and school article source to take concrete steps to respect and protect the rights of LGBT youth.
Over the last 15 years, lawmakers and school administrators have increasingly recognized that LGBT youth are a vulnerable population in school settings, and many have implemented policies designed to ensure all students feel safe and welcome at school. Yet progress is uneven. In many states and school districts, LGBT students and teachers lack protections from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity.
In others, protections that do exist are inadequate or unenforced. As transgender and gender non-conforming students have become more visible, Union College Gay Statistics Teens Being Responsible, many states and school districts have ignored their needs and failed to ensure they enjoy the same academic and extracurricular benefits as their non-transgender peers.
Based on interviews with over students, teachers, administrators, parents, service providers, and advocates in Alabama, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, and Utahthis report focuses on four main issues that LGBT people continue to experience in school environments in the United States.
Areas of concern include bullying and harassment, exclusion from school curricula and resources, restrictions on LGBT learn more here groups, and other forms of discrimination and bigotry against students and staff based on sexual orientation and gender identity.
Social pressures are part of the school experience of many students, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity. But the experience can be particularly difficult for LGBT students, who often struggle to make sense of their identities, lack support from family and friends, and encounter negative messaging about LGBT people at school and in their community. As a result of these factors, LGBT students are more likely than heterosexual peers to suffer abuse. In some instances, teachers themselves mocked LGBT youth or joined the bullying.
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Students also reported difficulty accessing information about LGBT issues from teachers Union College Gay Statistics Teens Being Responsible counselors, and found little information in school libraries and on school computers. In some districts, this silence was exacerbated by state law. In Union College Gay Statistics Teens Being Responsible, Texas, Utah, and five other US click to see more, antiquated states laws restrict discussions of homosexuality in schools.
Such restrictions make it difficult or impossible for LGBT youth to get information about health and well-being on the same terms as heterosexual peers. The effects of these laws are not only limited to health or sexuality education classes. As students and teachers describe in this report, they also chilled discussions of LGBT topics and themes in history, government, psychology, and English classes. Many LGBT youth have organized gay-straight alliances GSAswhich can serve as important resources for students and as supportive spaces to counteract bullying and institutional silence about issues of importance to them.
As this report more info, however, these clubs continue to encounter obstacles from some school administrators that make it difficult for them to form and operate. When GSAs were allowed to form, some students said they were subject to more stringent requirements than other clubs, were left out of school-wide activities, or had their advertising defaced or destroyed.
Often, LGBT students also lacked teacher role models. In the absence of employment protections, many LGBT teachers said they feared backlash from parents or adverse employment consequences if they were open about their sexual orientation or gender identity. Discrimination and bigotry against transgender students took various forms, including restricting bathroom and locker room access, limiting participation in extracurricular activities, and curtailing other forms of expression—for example, dressing for the school day or special events like homecoming.
LGBT students also described persistent patterns of isolation, exclusion, and marginalization that made them feel unsafe or unwelcome at school. Students described how hearing slurs, lacking resources relevant to their experience, being discouraged from having same-sex relationships, and being regularly misgendered made the school a hostile environment, which in turn can impact health and well-being.
Comprehensive approaches are urgently needed to make school environments welcoming for LGBT students and staff, and to allow students to learn and socialize with peers without fearing exclusion, humiliation, or violence. The sites were chosen as a regionally diverse sample of states that, at time of writing, lacked enumerated statewide protections against bullying and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity in schools.
Human Rights Watch contacted potential interviewees through nongovernmental organizations, LGBT organizations in high schools and middle schools, and LGBT organizations in post-secondary institutions where recent graduates reflected on their high school experiences. The research focused on public schools, including public charter schools, rather than private schools that enjoy greater autonomy to act in accordance with their particular beliefs under US law.
All interviews were conducted in English. No compensation was paid to interviewees. Whenever possible, interviews were conducted one-on-one in a private setting. Researchers also spoke with interviewees in pairs, trios, read article small groups when students asked to meet together or when time and space constraints required meeting with members of student organizations simultaneously.
Researchers obtained oral informed consent from interviewees, and notified interviewees why Human Rights Watch was conducting the research and how it would use their accounts, that they did not need to answer any questions they preferred not to answer, and that they could stop the interview at any time.
When students were interviewed in groups, those who were present but did not actively participate and volunteer information were not recorded or counted in our final pool of interviewees.
In this report, pseudonyms are used for interviewees who are students, teachers, or administrators in schools to protect their privacy and mitigate the risk of adverse consequences for participating in the research. Unless requested by interviewees, pseudonyms are not used for individuals who work in a public capacity on the issues discussed in this report.
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Sense of attraction to, or sexual desire for, individuals of the same sex, another sex, both, or neither. Sex assigned at Union College Gay Statistics Teens Being Responsible does not conform to identified or lived gender. In contrast to these positive trends, many LGBT youth still remain vulnerable to stigmatization and abuse. In a survey of more than 10, youth conducted ina lack of family acceptance was the primary concern that LGBT youth identified as the most important problem in their lives.
When LGBT youth experience family or community rejection, schools can ideally function as safe and affirming environments for them to learn, interact with peers, and feel a sense of belonging. Nearly 40 years later, many teachers who are visibly out as LGBT or actively support LGBT students still worry that they will be passed over for promotions, demoted, or terminated as a result.
In the late s, lawmakers began amending sexuality education laws and inserting provisions that many educators read as prohibiting or restricting discussions of homosexuality in schools. Such laws have been decried as discriminatory and nonsensical, yet they remain on the books in eight US states. When students themselves began organizing in the s, many school administrators across the US unsuccessfully read article to restrict the formation and operation of gay-straight alliances GSAs in schools, arguing that the clubs were inappropriate for youth.
Although courts have clearly and repeatedly affirmed that schools must allow such groups to form, dogged resistance to GSAs continues in many school systems. In some instances, pervasive anxieties about indoctrination and recruitment in schools have prompted state and local efforts—some of them successful—to limit what teachers may say about LGBT topics in the classroom. Although the Briggs Initiative was defeated, laws prohibiting the promotion of homosexuality or restricting discussions of homosexuality in schools were enacted by state legislatures in the late s and s.
The provisions in Alabama, Mississippi, and Texas refer to homosexuality as a criminal offense under state law, ignoring that the Supreme Court deemed those criminal laws unconstitutional in They appear alongside more general restrictions on sexuality education, including provisions requiring or encouraging abstinence Union College Gay Statistics Teens Being Responsible.
Although each of these restrictions specifically appears in portions of state law addressing instruction in sexuality education, their chilling effects often extend much further. As interviews with administrators, teachers, and students demonstrate, the practical effect of these outdated laws has been to discourage discussion of LGBT issues throughout the school environment, from curricular instruction to counseling to library resources to GSA programming.
Many teachers avoided or silenced any discussion of LGBT issues in schools.
Rutgers University The Rutgers student health plan covers continuous hormone replacement therapy, genital reconstruction surgery, chest reduction surgery, psychotherapy, and more. At other times, policing happened at events and other occasions. It would be interesting to examine the ways in which these themes might vary by other factors such as student religious and political affiliation. The march was organised to support Split Pride. He said that "homosexuality is not a civil right.
At other times, teachers refused to teach the antiquated, discriminatory messages that some no promo homo laws require them to convey when homosexuality is discussed, and so declined to address LGBT topics at all. Without clear instruction on what the laws permit, many teachers reported that they or their colleagues erred on the side of caution, excluding information that parents or administrators might construe as falling within their scope.
Inthe Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network GLSEN found that discrimination and victimization of youth based on their sexual orientation or gender identity correlated with lower levels of self-esteem, higher levels of depression, and increased absenteeism from school.
A lack of support contributed to the prevalence of negative mental health outcomes; in one study, lesbian, gay, and bisexual students in environments with fewer supports like gay-straight alliances, inclusive anti-bullying Union College Gay Statistics Teens Being Responsible, and inclusive non-discrimination policies were 20 percent more likely to attempt suicide than those in more supportive environments.
For LGBT youth, http://hookupslvl.info/free-dating-chat/46064606w-dating-46064606o.php and exclusion can be as detrimental as bullying and can aggregate over time to create an unmistakably hostile environment.
The discrimination and victimization that LGBT youth face in schools is often exacerbated when they have intersectional identities based on race, ethnicity, sex, disability, and other characteristics.
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LGBT youth of color, for example, often report bullying based on race and ethnicity, closer surveillance by school personnel, and harsher disciplinary measures. When students experience stigmatization, hostility, and rejection over years of schooling, the cumulative effect can be devastating and long-lasting.
Fifteen years later, bullying, harassment, and exclusion remain serious problems for LGBT youth across the US, even as their peers generally become more supportive as a group.
The Human Rights Campaign has found that although 75 percent of LGBT youth say most of their peers do not have a problem with their LGBT identity, LGBT youth are still more than twice as likely as non-LGBT youth to be physically attacked at school, twice here likely to be verbally harassed at school, and twice as likely to be excluded by their peers. Inthe Youth Risk Behavior Survey found that The impacts of bullying on youth can be severe, and legislatures across the US have recognized that bullying is a serious and widespread problem that merits intervention.
InGeorgia passed the first school bullying law in the US. Although provisions of these laws vary by state, they typically define prohibited conduct; enumerate characteristics that are frequently targeted for bullying; direct local schools to develop policies for reporting, documenting, investigating, and responding to bullying; and provide for staff training, data collection and monitoring, and periodic review.
At time of writing, 19 states and the District of Columbia had enacted laws prohibiting bullying on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity statewide. Still, 31 states—including the five studied for this report— lack any specific, enumerated laws protecting against bullying on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity.
In Alabama, Pennsylvania, Texas, and Utah, some school districts and schools had taken the initiative to enact inclusive, enumerated bullying policies; in South Dakota, however, state law expressly prohibits school districts and schools from enumerating protected classes of students.
Schools that have enacted protections do not always clearly convey them to students, faculty, and staff. In interviews, many students and teachers expressed uncertainty or offered contradictory information as to whether their school prohibited bullying on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity, even in schools where enumerated protections were already in place.
Many students reported that school personnel did not raise the issue of bullying on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity at assemblies and educational programming on bullying held at their school. For policies to be effective, students, faculty, and staff also need to know how targets of bullying can report incidents, how those incidents will be handled, and the consequences for bullying. Union College Gay Statistics Teens Being Responsible of the 41 school policies reviewed by Human Rights Watch for this report contain clear guidelines detailing the protocol for reporting and dealing with bullying, making it unclear to students whether or how any reported incidents might be dealt with in practice.
Most students interviewed indicated that physical violence was rare in their school. Students attributed this in part to a decrease in anti-LGBT attitudes among peers, both as a generational shift and among their cohort as they aged through high school. Some students also attributed this partly to zero tolerance policies and the perception that, though other forms of harassment may go unpunished, physical assault could result in serious consequences Union College Gay Statistics Teens Being Responsible perpetrators.
Yet some students did face persistent physical violence at school and many said their schools took no effective steps to stop it. Some students who experienced physical violence hesitated to tell adults for fear that reporting would be ineffectual or make the situation worse.
In one incident in Montgomery, Alabama ina gay high school student was surrounded and assaulted by a group of male students who punched and kicked him repeatedly, breaking his arm and leg.
Iran is perhaps the nation to execute the largest number of its citizens for homosexuality. Some schools even post their policies online. Yet when cyberbullying occurred, many students indicated that their schools were reluctant or ill-equipped to respond.
As Paul Hard, a counselor in Alabama, recalled: When administrators react indifferently to bullying and link, it can deter students from coming forward.
He has continued to struggle with depression and suicidal thoughts, and has been repeatedly admitted to inpatient care for treatment. Almost all of the students interviewed for the report reported encountering verbal harassment in their school environment, even in the most LGBT-friendly schools. Students stressed that even these generalized slurs contributed to a sense of hostility and danger in the school environment.
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