Why We Lie To Ourselves and Others -Cognitive Dissonance
Why We Lie to Ourselves When We Make Mistakes
18 May We “lie” to ourselves as we like our thoughts to be consonant. The cognitive dissonance theory was coined by Leon Festinger (). Festinger suggests that our thoughts can show three relationships: Consonance: “I am a good student”, and “I always prepare for school”; Dissonance: “I smoke”, and. 27 Mar The term cognitive dissonance is used to describe the feeling of discomfort that results from holding two conflicting beliefs. When there is a discrepancy between beliefs for behaviors, something must change in order to eliminate or reduce the dissonance. A classical example of this idea (and the origin of. 27 Jan Cognitive dissonance is a phrase coined by Festinger in to explain this sort of response. It refers to the discomfort we feel when trying to simultaneously hold two contradictory ideas in our mind; we reflexively try to resolve this discomfort, often pre-consciously. It's a striking and elegant idea which can.
When Your Own Mind is a Mystery. The ground-breaking social psychological experiment of Festinger and Carlsmith provides a central insight into the stories we tell ourselves about why we think and behave the way we do.
The experiment is filled with ingenious deception so the best way to understand it is to imagine you are taking part. So sit back, relax and travel back. The time is and you are an undergraduate student at Stanford University….
You are told the experiment will take two hours. As you are required to act as an experimental subject for a certain number of hours in a year — this will be two more of them out of the way. Little do you know, source experiment will actually become a classic in social psychology.
And what will seem to you like accidents by the experimenters are all part of a carefully controlled deception.
For now though, you are innocent. Once in the lab you are told the experiment is about how your expectations affect the actual experience of a task. Apparently there are http://hookupslvl.info/free-dating-chatrooms/10771077z-dating-10771077v.php groups and in the other group they have been given a particular expectation about the study.
To instil the expectation subtly, the participants in the other groups are informally briefed by a student who has apparently just completed the task.
What is Cognitive Dissonance Theory? - Site For Hookups!
So you settle down to the first task you are given, and quickly realise it is extremely boring. You are asked to move some spools around in a box for half an hour, then for the next half an hour you move pegs around a board.
You let it pass. I know I can. Conflict, decision, and dissonance Vol. Since people tend to cling to their self-image, this dissonance is often resolved by giving up the second idea and thinking that the group is, in fact, interesting. Please log in to add your comment.
Frankly, watching paint dry would have been more info. At the end of the tasks the experimenter thanks you for taking part, then tells you that many other people find the task pretty interesting. This is a little confusing — the task was very boring.
You let it pass. He says they need your help. The participant coming in after you is in the other condition they mentioned before you did the task — the condition in which they have an expectation before carrying out the task. This expectation is that the task is actually really interesting. And, they tell you that they can use you again in the future. It sounds like easy money so you agree to take part.
Cognitive Dissonance Theory | Simply Psychology
This is great — what started out as a simple fulfilment of a course component has unearthed a little ready cash for you. You are quickly introduced to the next participant who is about to do the same task you just completed. She smiles, thanks you and disappears http://hookupslvl.info/free-dating-chatrooms/29952995v-dating-29952995f.php into the test room.
You feel a pang of regret for getting her hopes up. Then the experimenter returns, thanks you again, and once again tells you that many people enjoy the task and hopes you found it interesting.
You are helped to this conclusion by the experimenter who tells you other people also thought the study was pretty interesting. After this the person was interviewed about the experiment one of the questions asked were did you find the experiment interesting, this is where the change comes in the person begins making excuses or rationalizations as to why the experiment was not as boring as they thought it was in beginning, in fact there was a symmetrical beauty about the whole thing. First the people are told that the experiment is about how your expectations affect the actual experiment, however there are two groups and the other was already given an expectation about the experiment. One thing they can do is to change the behavior.
One of the questions asks you about how interesting the task was that you were given to do. This makes you pause for a minute and How And Why We Lie To Ourselves Cognitive Dissonance. You start to see how even the repetitive movements of the spools and pegs had a certain symmetrical beauty.
And it was all in the name of science after all. This was a worthwhile endeavour and you hope the experimenters get some interesting results out of it. You rate it moderately interesting. After the experiment you go and talk to your friend who was also doing the experiment. Comparing notes you found that your experiences were almost identical except for one vital difference.
She was offered way more than you to brief the next student: Actually when you think about it, it was pretty interesting. Social psychologists studying cognitive dissonance are interested in the way we deal with two thoughts that contradict each other — and how we deal with this contradiction. So how can you resolve your view of yourself as an honest person with lying to the next participant?
The amount of money you were paid hardly salves your conscience — it was article source but not that nice. Your mind resolves this conundrum by deciding that actually the study was pretty interesting after all. You are helped to this conclusion by the experimenter who tells you other people also thought the study was pretty interesting. Your friend, meanwhile, has no need of these mental machinations.
She merely thinks to herself: The task was boring and still is boring whatever the experimenter tells me.
Why We Lie to Ourselves
Since this experiment numerous studies of cognitive dissonance have been carried out and the effect is well-established. Its beauty is that it explains so many of our everyday behaviours. Once you start to think about it, the list of situations in which people resolve cognitive dissonance through rationalisations becomes ever longer and longer.
I know I can. Being aware of this can help us avoid falling foul of the most dangerous consequences of cognitive dissonance: How and Why We Lie to Ourselves: Understanding this experiment sheds a brilliant light on the dark world of our inner motivations. Obedience to Authority Or Just Conformity? Bystander Apathy Conforming to the Norm.
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